The origins of the basque language – The Euskara

20 February 2023
Basque Culture

The Basque language, also known as Euskara, is an isolated language, which means it is not related to any other known living language. The origins of the Basque language are therefore a subject of debate among linguists.

There are several theories about the origins of the Basque language. One theory is that the Basque language is native to an indigenous population that inhabited the region before the arrival of the Indo-Europeans. This theory is based on archaeological evidence showing that the inhabitants of the Basque region have very ancient origins, dating back to the Stone Age.

Another theory suggests that the Basque language has roots in Central Asia, and was introduced to Europe by nomadic populations who migrated westward. This theory is based on similarities between Basque and other languages spoken in Central Asia, as well as genetic evidence showing that Basques have links to populations in Central Asia.

Finally, some theories propose that the Basque language has Celtic or Iberian roots, although these theories are controversial and widely rejected by modern linguists.

Despite debates over its origins, Basque remains a unique and fascinating language, spoken by around half a million people in the Basque region of northern Spain and southwestern France.

Mairie en lanhue basque